Drug Use and Abuse (PSY 275 Alcohol Use and Misuse) 6th Edition
We began writing the fi rst edition of this text in the late 1980s. At that time, drug use and related problems were of major interest and concern in the United States and in other countries. Awareness, interest, and concern about drug use have not abated since that time, nor has the need for a general undergraduate text to educate college students on the biological, psychological, and social factors that infl uence drug use and its effects. Therefore, we have completed this sixth edition, which retains many features of previous editions but also refl ects changes that have occurred in this very dynamic area of study since the fi fth edition was published in 2008.
As in all of the text’s previous editions, the central theme of this edition is that a drug’s effects are determined not only by its chemical structure and interaction in the body but also by the drug users’ biological and psychological characteristics and the setting in which they use the drug. This central theme is refl ected in the inclusion of chapters on pharmacology and psychopharmacology, and is continued throughout the presentation of individual drugs or drug classes and in the discussion of prevention and treatment. The text examines the complexity of human drug consumption on biological, psychological, and social levels. Although the text is scholarly, it is understandable to students with little background in the biological, behavioral, or social sciences.
The text also retains a number of pedagogical features designed to increase students’ interest and learning. Diagnostic pretests at the beginning of each chapter challenge students to test their knowledge of drugs while drawing their attention to important concepts or facts that follow in the chapter. Pretest answers and explanations at the end of each chapter provide an important review of the main concepts. The margin glossary helps students identify and defi ne important terms within the text. Margin quotes help bring abstract concepts to life through personal accounts, comments, and quips about drug use and its ramifi cations. Drugs and Culture boxes explore variations in drug use and its consequences. They highlight the importance of differences in drug use that are associated with factors such as a person’s sex, race, and ethnic background. Finally, Contemporary Issue boxes discuss current controversies involving drugs or drug use, as well as events related to such controversies.
CHAPTER 1 Drug Use and Abuse 1
CHAPTER 2 Drug Use: Yesterday and Today 24
CHAPTER 3 Drugs and the Nervous System 46
CHAPTER 4 Pharmacology 66
CHAPTER 5 Psychopharmacology and New Drug Development 91
CHAPTER 6 Cocaine, Amphetamines, and Related Stimulants 115
CHAPTER 7 Nicotine 141
CHAPTER 8 Caffeine 170
CHAPTER 9 Alcohol 189
CHAPTER 10 Opiates 232
CHAPTER 11 Marijuana 254
CHAPTER 12 Hallucinogens 283
CHAPTER 13 Psychotherapeutic Medications 308
CHAPTER 14 Other Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drugs 347
CHAPTER 15 Treatment of Substance-Use Disorders 368
CHAPTER 16 Prevention of Substance Abuse 409
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